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Waste Water Treatment Plants are an important source of reducing pollution. They are a way to convert the polluted water to pure and non polluted form. The water coming out from various industrial sources is in the contaminated form. Also the used water in the house holds is in the polluted form. Water Treatment Plants are industry scale projects to reduce the amount or the concentration of the pollutants in the water and to convert it in the form, suitable for end use.
The end use of the water can be using water for drinking, using water for irrigation or using water for industrial purpose. The general Waste Water Treatment involves producing water suitable for drinking. The general processes are physical processes like filtration or process like settling. The other processes are chemical processes like coagulation and disinfection.
The pollutants or the substances whose concentration needs to be reduced by applying the methods of Waste Water Treatment are categorized as follows:
- Biological Waste
- Mineral Waste
- Chemical Waste
It includes biological organisms like algae, bacteria and virus. These organisms are harmful for drinking water and can cause fatal diseases.
It includes Mineral particles like iron, Sulfur and Manganese. Excess of these particles in the water is considered to be dangerous for human life. It can also cause various fatal diseases.
The chemical waste included waste like fertilizers or other chemical wastes which are dangerous for human health if they are found in the water.
Thus Water treatment involves getting rid of high concentrations of the above mentioned impurities. At Makes India Clean we specialize in the water treatment techniques and providing small, medium and large water treatment projects. We use the latest technologies and trends involved in the water treatment field and have good experience in it. You can contact us for more details and a quote for the same.
Solid waste management can be broadly classified into two categories. According to Indian MSW, “Municipal Solid Waste” includes commercial as well as domestic wastes generated in municipal or notified area in either solid or semi-solid form and excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including the treated bio-medical wastes. Solid wastes also include hazardous waste generated by various industries.
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) can be further classified into biodegradable waste (Food and kitchen waste), recyclable materials (Paper, glass, bottles, metals and certain plastics) and domestic hazardous waste (Medication, chemicals, light bulbs and batteries).
Solid waste management is one of the main challenges faced by many countries around the globe. Inadequate collection, recycling, treatment and uncontrolled disposal of waste in dumps can lead to severe hazards like health risks and environmental pollution.
The management of solid waste involves the collection, transport, processing as well as recycling and disposal.
Collection includes the gathering of solid waste, recyclable materials, and the transport of these materials, after collection, to location where the collection vehicle can be emptied. The location may be a material processing facility, a transfer station or landfill disposal site.
Waste disposal today is done primarily with land filling or closure of the existing dump sites. Modern sanitary landfills are not considered as dumps. They are engineered facilities which can be used for disposing of solid wastes on land without involving hazards to public health or safety, such as the breeding of insects or the contamination of ground water.
Bio-Gas is a mixture of various gases which are produced by the decomposition of organic matter in the lack of oxygen. It can be produced from the raw materials like plant wastes, agricultural wastes and food waste. Bio-gas is produced by anaerobic decomposition of the raw material by anaerobic bacteria in the absence of the oxygen. The process of Bio gas production starts in a closed system. The composition of Bio gas is mainly methane with carbon dioxide with small traces of other gases. When burnt bio gas release considerable amount of energy and thus it can be used as a fuel for many purposes. The bio gas can be used to generate heat for cooking and also can be used in gas engine to generate electricity and heat.
The bio gas is produced by the anaerobic digestion of biodegradable wastes inside a land fill. Due to microbes present and the chemical reactions the Bio Gas is released from the waste inside the land fill. It can also be produced in an anaerobic digester in which the chemical reactions take place in the absence of oxygen and the bio gas is produced.
A Bio Gas Plant is considered as a set of anaerobic digesters in which various agricultural wastes are fed. Anaerobic digesters is the name given to air tight tanks of different sizes and configurations in which the micro biological reactions take place besides other reactions in the absence of oxygen and bio gas is produced.